Perhaps the most surprising change many former city-dwellers notice is that a home in the country comes with private well water, not city water. 

In fact, 48 million people have private or household well water that they use for drinking, cooking, bathing, and everything else. 

Life won’t be as easy as it was in the city where you could just turn on the faucet and out came clear, odorless, and drinkable water. Here’s what you need to know about well water.

Well water smells.

Okay, it may not smell bad, but well water will definitely smell different than what you’re used to in the city. Or it could smell bad sometimes. That’s because well water comes straight from the ground. When your well was dug, the well drillers dug down until they reached a layer of rock that contained water.

A pump system was then installed to push the water into your home. You then get groundwater, which is essentially rainwater that’s worked its way through the ground to your well. 

So, you’re getting whatever else the water touched and absorbed along the way, which often includes sulfur—the rotten-egg smelling mineral found in lots of well water. 

This doesn’t necessarily make your water dangerous, but many people may want a water filter or water treatment system to make their well water smell better.

Well water can stain.

When you abandon your city apartment or move into your home away from home you may notice yellow or orange stains on the fixtures, sinks, toilets, and tubs. 

That’s because well water commonly has iron in it. Iron isn’t dangerous either, but it can be tough to remove. 

It can even stain your clothes in the washing machine. You can often remove iron stains with special cleaners, but you can also prevent them from being a problem by installing a special iron eliminating water filter.

Well water is hard.

Calcium and magnesium are also picked up by your well water, which are the minerals responsible for hard water. Hard water can cause itchy skin, buildup on faucets, soap scum, water spots on dishes, and can shorten the life of some household appliances. 

Like the other well water problems, hard water isn’t dangerous—it just causes irritating problems. You will need to get a water softener or make sure the existing one is in good working order.

Well water can become contaminated.

This is the one time when your well water can become dangerous—if it becomes contaminated. The other concerns are simply aesthetics, but contamination can’t be ignored. 

Uranium, radon, or arsenic can occasionally dissolve in groundwater, which can make your well water dangerous to consume. Agricultural runoff or a septic system located too close to a well can cause these problems. 

Nitrates found in these are especially dangerous to children and pregnant women. Reverse osmosis is the best option for contamination. Reverse osmosis is a water filter system that reduces bacteria, trace elements, heavy metals, and can make your water taste better.

While all of these possible problems can be a cause for concern, you don’t have to avoid visiting or moving to the country. 

You just need to test the water annually and know what to look for to prevent any problems. 

Check fixtures and faucets regularly, smell and taste the water, and pay attention to the nearby surroundings. Treatment can be as easy as installing a proper water filter if you encounter any issues.

If you have any questions about water filtration devices, contact Culligan Water of West Texas- 432-563-2690 for a free home water analysis,  or ask about our Culligan Whole House Water Filter Systems.